Bhagalpur tussar
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Unraveling the History and Significance of Bhagalpur Tussar Weaves

Weaving has been integral to India’s rich cultural heritage for centuries. Among the many exquisite weaves that adorn our country, Bhagalpur Tussar stands out as a unique and luxurious fabric that has captured the hearts of connoisseurs worldwide.

Introduction to Bhagalpur Tussar Weaves

Tussar silk, also known as Bhagalpuri silk, is a variety of wild silks that are produced in the Indian state of Bihar. The word tussar is derived from the Hindi word for “spider” and refers to spiders creating this type of silk. Tussar silk is known for its strength, durability, and beautiful golden color.

Bhagalpur Tussar weaves are some of the most popular types of silk fabrics in India. These fabrics are made using a special weaving technique that results in a unique pattern. Bhagalpur Tussar fabrics are typically gold in color and feature a distinctive weave similar to brocade.

Bhagalpur Tussar weaves are used in various garments, including sarees, lehengas, and sherwanis. These fabrics are perfect for special occasions, such as weddings and festivals. Bhagalpur Tussar fabrics are also used in home furnishings, such as curtains and upholstery.

The history of Bhagalpur Tussar weaves can be traced back to the 12th century. These fabrics were originally produced in the town of Bhagalpur, located on the banks of the Ganges River in Bihar. Bhagalpur was an essential center for trade and commerce during this period, and it was here that the first samples of

History and Tradition of the Craft

Bhagalpur tussar is a silk type originating from the Indian state of Bihar. It is known for its gold-like hue and soft texture and has been used in traditional Indian clothing for centuries. Bhagalpur tussar weaving is believed to date back to the 12th century, making it one of the oldest silk traditions in the country.

Over the centuries, the craft of Bhagalpur tussar weaving has been passed down from generation to generation of artisans. Today, only a few weavers still practice this traditional craft. To keep this tradition alive, a group of women in Bihar have started a cooperative that produces Bhagalpur tussar silk fabrics.

This cooperative’s Bhagalpur tussar silk fabric is 100% natural and handwoven. The process of making this fabric starts with spinning the raw silk thread, which is then dyed using natural dyes. Once the line is dyed, it can be woven into cloth on a handloom.

The finished product is a beautiful and unique fabric that can be used for various purposes, including clothing, home furnishings, and artwork. When purchasing Bhagalpur tussar silk fabric, it is essential to look for a product certified by the cooperative as 100% natural and handwoven. This

Significance of the Weaves in Bihar

The weaves of Bihar have a long and rich history, dating back to the days of the Mughal Empire. The craftsmanship of the weavers is evident in the intricate designs and patterns characteristic of Bhagalpur Tussar silk. The fabrics produced in Bihar are known for their quality and durability, making them a popular choice for everyday wear and special occasions.

Bhagalpur Tussar silk is particularly prized for its unique texture and sheen. Producing this type of silk is labor-intensive, as the cocoons must be hand-reeled and the thread carefully dyed. This results in a luxurious and durable fabric, making it an ideal choice for garments that are meant to last.

The weaves of Bihar have been passed down through generations of craftspeople, each adding their unique touch to the tradition. Today, the skills of the Bihar weavers are in high demand as more and more people seek out their products for personal use and as gifts. The popularity of Bhagalpur Tussar silk has led to resurgence in interest in other types of Bihar weave, such as Jamdani and Khesh.

The intricate designs and patterns of Bhagalpur Tussar silk make it a highly sought-after fabric. Its unique properties make it ideal for garments that are meant to last, making it a popular choice for both every day wear and special.

Process and Techniques Used for Creation

The area is known for producing tussar silk, a wild silk characterized by its long, thick fibers. Tussar silk is prized for its strength, durability, and warm, natural color.

The process of making tussar silk begins with the collection of cocoons from the wild caterpillars that spin them. The cocoons are then brought to a spinning center, softened in hot water, and unwound into long threads. These threads are then dyed and woven into cloth on handlooms.

The techniques used in Bhagalpur tussar weaving are similar to those used in other parts of India. However, using natural dyes and including unique patterns and designs give Bhagalpur tussar its distinctive character.

Tussar silk cloth is typically used for sarees, shawls, and dupattas. It is also occasionally used for upholstery or other decorative purposes. The intricate patterns and rich colors of Bhagalpur tussar make it a highly sought-after fabric among Indian textile lovers.

Impact on Local Communities and Economy

Bhagalpur Tussar silk is a type of wild silk produced in India’s Bhagalpur region. The silk is known for its strength, durability, and beautiful golden hue.In recent years, silk has become increasingly popular globally, with outstripping demand supply.

The impact of this growing popularity has been significant for both the local community and the economy. The increased demand has created new employment opportunities for the community, particularly for women. This is important in terms of economic empowerment because it helps preserve traditional craftsmanship. In terms of the economy, the increased demand has resulted in a significant price increase, making Bhagalpur Tussar one of the most expensive types of silk on the market. This has knocked on other regional industries, such as agriculture and tourism.

Overall, the impact of Bhagalpur Tussar Silk on the local community and economy has been positive. The increase in demand has created new opportunities for employment and enterprise while also helping to preserve traditional craftsmanship. It has also knocked on other industries in the region, contributing to economic growth.

Conservation Efforts for Preservation

Bhagalpur Tussar weaves are an essential part of the cultural heritage of India. The art of making these beautiful fabrics is believed to have originated in the ancient kingdom of Bhagalpur, which was located in what is now the state of Bihar.

The craft of making Bhagalpur Tussar fabrics was passed down from generation to generation. The materials were used for various purposes, including clothing, household items, and religious ceremonies.

Unfortunately, over time, the number of people who know how to make these fabrics has dwindled, and the craft will be lost forever. To preserve this vital part of Indian culture, several conservation efforts are underway.

One such effort is being led by the Textile Museum of India, which is working to document and preserve the history and techniques involved in making Bhagalpur Tussar weaves. The museum is also working with artisans in Bihar to revive the craft and ensure it is passed down to future generations.

Another conservation effort is being undertaken by the Indian government, which has declared Bhagalpur Tussar weaves a “national treasure.” This designation will help protect the fabric from being exported or sold outside of India and provide financial support for those working to revive the craft.

With these efforts underway, there is hope that Bhagalpur Tussar. If you’re interested in exploring the rich heritage of these sarees, be sure to check out our collection!


The Bhagalpur tussar weaves have a long and rich history passed down from generation to generation of artisans. Not only are these weaves beautiful, but they also hold immense cultural value for the region. We hope this article has helped you learn more about this timeless craft and its significance in Indian culture and inspired you to seek out your handmade piece of Bhagalpur tussar!

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